Employees with shortened working time shall be entitled to work irregular working hours only if their working schedule provides for at least 1 full working day (where regular working schedule in Russia is considered to be 40 hours per week, 8 hours per day). If an employee works a shortened working week (e.g. 35 hours per week), he/she can set out irregular work only if he/she works at least one 8-hour working day a week. If he/she works 7 hours daily, no irregular regime of work can be set.
This is an important change for both employees and employers, because almost all women with children under 18 months of age work under a shortened working regime to keep the state childcare allowance, but in fact stay at work outside working hours. The irregular regime allows employee to work after hours and have at least 3 paid additional days off a year, while the employer has no obligations to provide a monetary compensation for the overtime work in this case. Before the change, employees with a shortened working week were not allowed to have an irregular working regime.