On Tuesday, April 28, the Bureau of Industry and Security (“BIS”) at the U.S. Department of Commerce published two final rules and one proposed rule significantly increasing export control requirements for a large variety of items exported to China, Russia, and Venezuela. All three rules were explicitly issued in furtherance of the Trump Administration’s National Security Strategy released in December 2017, as well as the Trump Administration’s National Defense Strategy released in January 2018. As stated in the rules, their issuance stems from the Administration’s focus on the integration of civilian and military technology development in countries that are of concern for national security reasons. These countries are included in Group D:1 (“D:1 Countries”) of the Country Groups of the EAR, found in Supplement No. 1 to Part 740. D:1 Countries include China, Russia, and Venezuela (among others).