Practice Area Articles
By Karen Fulton and Bulela Mungeka
Back to International Employment Law
KEY DEVELOPMENTS FOR 2021
Labour (Domestic Workers') Regulations, 2020 (L.I. 2408)
The Labour (Domestic Workers') Regulations, 2020 (L.I. 2408) was passed by Parliament in 2020 to regulate activities and ensure the protection of domestic workers. The law requires that an employer and a domestic worker enter into a written agreement which states the terms and conditions of the employment relationship.
National Unemployment Insurance Scheme
Due to the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on employment, especially in relation to job losses in the formal sector, the Government of Ghana announced in 2020 its intention of creating a National Unemployment Insurance Scheme. To execute its intention, the Government has put in place a Tripartite Technical Committee to come out with the modalities for implementation of the scheme. The scheme will focus on providing direct income support to workers who lose their jobs or suffer pay cuts in the event of a social or economic crisis. The scheme will also offer opportunities for training, re-training, job search support, apprenticeship, and internships to enable those who lose their jobs to re-adjust.
Youth Employment Agency (YEA) Programs
The YEA has instituted the "Work Abroad Program," which is designed to facilitate the placement of Ghanaian youth into job vacancies existing in other countries. According to the YEA, some countries that requested for placements include Japan, Australia, and the Cayman Islands.
Review of the Labour Act 2003 (Act 651)
The Minister for Employment and Labour Relations, in consultation with the Ghana Society of the Physically Disabled, the Ghana Association of Persons with Albinism, the Ghana Burns Survivors Foundation, the Ghana National Association of the Deaf (GNAD), and the National Council for Persons with Disability (NCPD), among other stakeholders, is putting in place measures to amend the Labour Act. The reason for the proposed amendment is to broaden the scope of application of the Labour Act to encompass all forms of disabilities, including albinism. The review is also intended to create fair and inclusive employment opportunities for persons with disabilities.
KEY DEVELOPMENTS FOR 2020
Implementation of the Occupation Health Safety Bill
The Occupation Health Safety Bill (OHS Bill) is expected to be passed in 2020. When passed into law, the OHS Bill will promote health and safety in the workplace.
Institutional Inspections by the Ministry of Employment and Labour Relations
On 26 June 2020, the Ministry of Employment and Labour Relations (MELR) issued a communiqué informing employers of its decision to undertake inspections of their enterprises to ensure that effective measures are taken to protect the health of employees during the COVID-19 pandemic.
The MELR set out 10 criteria that employers must adhere to, including the creation of an isolation room for employees with COVID-19 symptoms and the training of management on the effective use of personal protective equipment.
New Insurance Bill
The new Insurance Bill, which is due to be passed by the Parliament of Ghana in 2020, will compel certain employers to take out workmen's compensation insurance for all of their employees. This is to guarantee the compensation of employees who are injured in the course of carrying out their employment duties in accordance with the Workmen's Compensation Act, 1987.
Youth Employment Programmes
The Youth Employment Agency ("YEA") recently launched Job Centre, an online platform to link job seekers to potential employers in both public and private sectors. Other initiatives of the YEA are the Artisan Directory (to train and provide tools to artisans), the Work-Abroad Programme (to enable Ghana to export young professionals to foreign countries for work purposes) and the Agriculture-based Flagship Project (to support the youth to venture into farming activities).
KEY DEVELOPMENTS FOR 2019
Petroleum commission sets out employment guidelines
The Petroleum Commission’s employment guidelines came into effect on 1 June 2018. The Guidelines seek to ensure transparency in the recruitment process for companies operating in the country’s oil and gas sector. The Guidelines covers succession planning methodology, recruitment processes, training, skills transfer and capacity building. Additionally, the Guidelines provide the criteria for how expatriates may be hired to work in Ghana and how skills transfer to local persons may be maintained.