Practice Area Articles


February 05, 2024

By Paul Hastings Professional

Back to International Employment Law



Amendment to the minimum wage

On 9 October 2023, the National Committee for Setting the Minimum Wage issued Notification No. 2/2023, introducing amendments to the minimum wage. According to the notification, employers with 10 or more workers are now mandated to pay a daily minimum wage of MMK 4,800, along with an additional daily allowance of MMK 1,000. These additional allowances must be explicitly categorized and paid under the title of “additional allowances,” from 1 October 2023. Commencing 1 October 2023, the enhanced daily allowance of MMK 1,000 applies not only to regular working days, but also to leave days and holidays as granted under the Leave and Holidays Act of 1951. The Ministry of Labor (“MOL”) confirmed that the minimum daily wage for workers remains fixed at MMK 4,800 for an eight-hour workday, together with an entitlement to an additional daily allowance of MMK 1,000, with overtime pay continuing to be computed based on the MMK 4,800 rate. However, the provision regarding overtime pay has led to some controversy regarding the computation, with some stating that overtime should be calculated at an hourly rate of MMK 5,800. Based on a plain reading of the provisions, however, the hourly rate calculated using the MMK 4,800 figure appears to fit the requirements.

With thanks to Joel Akins and Kyaw Min Tun of Tilleke & Gibbins for their invaluable collaboration on this update.




Introduction of labour-related policies

To mitigate the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar, the Government announced a number of labour-related policies to relieve distress in particular matters. On March 20, 2020, Myanmar's Social Security Board announced that it will allow employers to make social security payments quarterly, instead of monthly, due to the hardship businesses are facing due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Myanmar's Social Security Board also provided 40% of social security contribution for June 2020 to any insured person who works for private industry or factory as a family assistance fund.

Moreover, the Ministry of Health and Sport announced Orders No. 107/2020 dated September 20, 2020, and No. 108/2020 dated September 22, 2020, for employees of organizations and companies to apply work-from-home criteria, except for employees of certain essential businesses, for example, financial services, food production, medical supplies, etc.

With thanks to Eric Minh Huu Huynh, Joel Akins and Zach Robinson of Tilleke & Gibbins for their invaluable collaboration on this update.




New Occupational Health and Safety Law

Myanmar's new Occupational Health and Safety Law ("Law") was recently enacted and is aimed at the development and implementation of workplace health and safety measures, including the reduction and elimination of workplace accidents, diseases and other occupational hazards. Prior to the enactment of this new Law, there was no specific legislation in Myanmar governing occupational health and safety. The National Occupational Health and Safety Council of Myanmar will be established to facilitate the administration of the Law.

The Law introduces a requirement for certain enterprises to register with the Factory and General Labour Laws Inspection Department, and for such enterprises to appoint an Occupational Health and Safety Manager or Committee. The Law sets out the obligations of employers and employees. Enterprises and employees in Myanmar must take note of the requirements under this new Law as non-compliance will be subject to administrative actions, or imprisonment and/or a fine.

With thanks to Yuwadee Thean-ngarm and Sher Hann Chua of Tilleke & Gibbins for their invaluable collaboration on this update.

For More Information

Image: Suzanne Horne
Suzanne Horne

Partner, Employment Law Department

Image: Aashna Parekh
Aashna Parekh

Associate, Employment Law Department

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