United States Supreme Court Affirms Secured Lenders Right to Credit Bid Pursuant to Plan of Reorganization
By THE FINANCE AND RESTRUCTURING PRACTICE
Today, the United States Supreme Court in RadLAX Gateway Hotel, LLC, et al. v. Amalgamated Bank unanimously affirmed the decision of the Seventh Circuit in In re River Road Hotel Partners, LLC that a secured creditor has the right to credit bid at a foreclosure sale of its collateral, even if such sale is conducted pursuant to a plan of reorganization. Specifically, the Supreme Court held that the debtors could not confirm a plan under the so-called cramdown provisions of the Bankruptcy Code where the debtors were seeking to sell the banks collateral free and clear without allowing the bank to credit bid its secured claim at the sale.
The Supreme Courts decision resolved a circuit split between the Third and Fifth Circuits, on the one hand, and the Seventh Circuit, on the other hand. Both the Third Circuit in Citizens Bank of Penn. v. Phila. Newspapers, LLC (In re Philadelphia Newspaper, LLC) and the Fifth Circuit in Bank of N.Y. Trust Co., NA v. Official Unsecured Creditors Comm. (In re Pacific Lumber Co.) had ruled that a debtor may, pursuant to a bankruptcy plan, sell the secured creditors collateral free and clear of liens, and need not provide the secured creditor with a right to credit bid in the sale process, so long as the plan provides the secured creditor with the indubitable equivalent of its secured claim. The Seventh Circuit in River Road concluded that a secured creditor must be provided with the right to credit bid.
In affirming the Seventh Circuits decision in River Road, the Supreme Court removed a cloud of uncertainty surrounding the ability of secured lenders to utilize credit bidding in the context of chapter 11 plans. Secured lenders may breathe a sigh of relief.